Smartphones in der Hochschullehre? Wozu?

Am 28. September haben TeilnehmerInnen der teach4TU-Basisqualifizierung zusammen mit mir einen Ausflug in die Welt der digitalen Medien gemacht. Wir haben uns auf Wunsch mit der Frage beschäftigt, wozu man Smartphones in der Lehre einsetzen könnte. Nicht ob man das sollte, nicht wie im Detail, sondern wozu. Kein Plädoyer dafür oder dagegen, keine Reflexion, nur eine Ideensammlung. Herausgekommen ist eine Liste, die ich nun nachträglich mit einigen Gedanken unterfüttere und dann vorstelle.

Smartphones sind da! Eine Statistik für Studierende habe ich noch nicht entdeckt, aber laut Bitkom/Forsa zum Jahr 2014 besaßen 88 % der 16-18 Jährigen in Deutschland ein Smartphone. Ich wage also die These, dass fast jede/r Studierende über ein Smartphone verfügen kann, und natürlich sehe ich auch viele Studierende, die in Lehrveranstaltungen an der Uni damit hantieren.

smartphone

Nun gibt es verschiedene Möglichkeiten für Lehrende an Hochschulen, damit umzugehen. Sie könnten beispielsweise verbieten, Smartphones in ihren Kursen zu verwenden. Sie könnten sich dafür auf das Potenzial zur Ablenkung berufen. Einige mögen ein Verbot daher als berechtigte Fürsorge auslegen, andere hingegen als Bevormundung von Erwachsenen. Womöglich steckt dahinter auch die Furcht vor Kontrollverlust, wie sie Jöran Muuß-Merholz bei LehrerInnen in der Schule vermutet? Dinge könnten schließlich aus dem Hörsaal nach außen dringen, Studierende könnten in der virtuellen Welt da draußen sonstwas machen, und plötzlich lassen sich Aussagen der Lehrenden im Nu einem Faktencheck unterziehen. Das behagt nicht allen.

Vielleicht ignorieren Lehrende die Smartphones auch völlig: „Sollen die Studierenden doch damit machen, was sie wollen.“ Es ließe sich mit der Eigenverantwortung argumentieren, die einem Studium innewohnt. Es könnte aber durchaus sein, dass man es sich damit zu einfach macht. Zu schnell zieht man sich damit komplett aus der Verantwortung.

Eine weitere Option ist es, die Smartphones einfach in Lehrveranstaltungen zu integrieren, wenn sie sowieso da sind. Zumindest in der Schule scheint dadurch noch keine Katastrophe passiert zu sein. Die Möglichkeiten dafür dürften innerhalb und außerhalb der Präsenzzeit so vielfältig sein wie die Funktionen, die diese miniaturisierten Computerwunderdinger mit sich bringen.

Die in kürzester Zeit von uns dazu gesammelten Ideen stelle ich nun kurz vor. Es geht nicht darum, die Lehre von der Technik aus denkend zu gestalten! Sich mit Werkzeugen zu beschäftigen, kann aber den Horizont erweitern, welche Szenarien oder didaktischen Interaktionsmuster damit überhaupt erst möglich werden!

08-Smartphones-150928Die folgende Liste ist nicht nach bestimmten Kriterien sortiert oder gruppiert, und sicher ist sie unvollständig — sowohl was die Begrifflichkeiten wie auch die beispielhaft genannten Szenarien angeht. Ich freue mich, wenn ihr in den Kommentaren weitere Möglichkeiten ergänzt.

Die Liste ist auch nicht stringent, was die Bezeichnungen angeht. Ich finde es unglaublich schwierig, alles einheitlich als Werkzeug zu formulieren, weil es manche Werkzeuge in der physischen Welt schlicht nicht gibt. Ich finde es ebenfalls schwierig, alles in Form von Aufgaben zu beschreiben, die damit erledigt werden können, weil mir das selbst noch nicht ganz klar ist Ich habe aber das Gefühl, da könnte Musik drin sein! Nehmt es also bitte hin, dass es etwas durcheinander geht.

Audience Response
Hinter dem Begriff, zu dem es im E-Assessment-Wiki des ELAN e. V. eine eigene Seite gibt, verbirgt sich das Sammeln von Rückmeldungen auch aus Veranstaltungen mit vielen TeilnehmerInnen, bei denen das mündlich nicht mehr möglich ist. Geschickt eingesetzt (mehr als „Wer wird Millionär“ spielen!), eignet sich dieser Ansatz dafür, das Denken anzuregen oder Diskussionen anzustoßen.
Dokumentenkamera
Mit einer Dokumentenkamera ist es möglich, etwa Seiten aus Büchern auf eine Leinwand zu projizieren. Die Dinger sind aber vergleichsweise teuer, wenn man bedenkt, dass sie nur diesen einen Zweck erfüllen. Mit einer Halterung lässt sich das ebenso mit einem Smartphone erledigen.
Es geht aber auch noch spannender! Wenn Studierende schriftliche Lösungen auf Papier erarbeiten (Rechnungen, Zeichnungen, usw.), können diese exemplarisch auch sehr einfach für alle sichtbar gemacht werden: Als Lehrender herumgehen, von einer passenden Lösung ein Foto machen, projizieren, fertig. Das macht beispielsweise Michael Gieding in Heidelberg.
Virtuelles Klassenzimmer
Beim Virtuellen Klassenzimmer wird versucht, möglichst viele Möglichkeiten eines physischen Hörsaals digital nachzubilden. Man gewinnt dadurch räumliche Flexibilität; mit Smartphones sogar noch mehr als mit einem stationären Rechner. Für passende Werkzeuge wie beispielsweise Adobe Connect gibt es nämlich Software, so dass man sogar unterwegs an Veranstaltungen teilnehmen kann.
Frage- und Diskussionswerkzeug in großen Veranstaltungen
Mit Chats oder Microblogs (wie Twitter) lassen sich in Veranstaltungen mit vielen TeilnehmerInnen zusätzliche Kanäle schaffen: Je nach Szenario können so beispielsweise Fragen gesammelt, von einer moderierenden Person beantwortet und dokumentiert werden. Auch Diskussionen mit anderen Personen als denen auf dem Nachbarsitz werden möglich. Alles schon da gewesen…
Etherpad
Für eine kollaborative Vorlesungsmitschrift ist das Tippen auf einem Smartphone wohl zu umständlich, aber mit Etherpads lassen sich auf jeden Fall zügig Stichworte aus einem Hörsaal einsammeln.

Ein Etherpad

SMS
Mit dem Klassiker SMS ließen sich beispielsweise digital gestützte Planspiele in der Betriebswirtschaftslehre bereichern. Warum nicht ab und an eine Aufgabe versenden, die innerhalb einer kurzen Frist von den TeilnehmerInnen entschieden oder bearbeitet werden muss? Ist in der Realität von Unternehmen nicht anders, und die SMS macht bei den meisten wohl auf sich aufmerksam.
Texte, Videos und Podcasts konsumieren
Muss nicht erklärt werden, oder? Geht im Zweifel alles mobil.
Texte, Videos und Podcasts produzieren
Bei den Texten ist es etwas mühsam, aber mit dem Smartphone haben Studierende die Möglichkeit, Videos oder Podcasts zu produzieren. Es gibt Lehrveranstaltungen, bei denen gehört das zum Programm, denn man muss sich mit den Inhalten beschäftigen und überlegen, wie sie gut rübergebracht werden können.
Webseiten benutzen
Ganz banal. Alles, was irgendwie in einem Browser daherkommt, lässt sich auch mit einem Smartphone benutzen — mal besser, mal schlechter.
Recherche
Studierende können aktiv eingebunden werden, etwa indem ihnen eine Recherche-Aufgabe zugeteilt wird. So kann bei Unklaren Punkten sofort jemand im Netz nach einer Antwort suchen. Nachschlagewerke sind nur noch einen Klick weit entfernt.
Taschenrechner
Das Smartphone ersetzt den Taschenrechner und schlägt ihn mit Anwendungen wie Wolfram|Alpha um Längen.
Tafelbild dokumentieren
Von manchen Lehrenden wird es gehasst, wenn Studierende das an die Tafel Geschriebene oder Gezeichnete einfach fotografieren statt es abzuschreiben. Sagen wir diplomatisch: Geschmackssache. Bei einigen Methoden wie dem Aktiven Plenum ist es in jedem Fall sehr praktisch. Wenn die Ergebnisse per Foto dokumentiert werden, können alle denken statt zu schreiben und speziell dem/den Studierenden an der Tafel entgeht nichts.
E-Mails
kwt
Präsentationen steuern
Smartphones können die „Presenter“ ersetzen, die beim Präsentieren von Schaubildern oft zum Weiterschalten genutzt werden. Im besten Fall kann der Referent auf dem Smartphone auch das aktuelle oder das nächste Schaubild sehen, die bereits geredete Zeit, usw.
Augmented Reality

Puh, wie beschreibt man das kurz? Das Wahrnehmen der Welt um uns herum lässt sich durch Informationen ergänzen. Wenn ich beispielsweise die Kamera meines Smartphones auf ein Bauwerk richte, könnte ich mit einer passenden Anwendung geschichtliche Daten dazu angezeigt bekommen — ganz wie Iron Man in seinem Anzug.

Augmented Reality bei Iron Man

Oder mein Auto warnt mich mit einem Piepton um so schneller, je näher ich einem anderen Objekt komme. Oder…
Was da alles denkbar wäre! Das Smartphone ähnlich wie mit dem Google Cardboard aufsetzen, durch Rom laufen und das Colosseum so sehen, wie es einst aussah (Architektur). Oder Bauteile vor die Kamera des Smartphones halten und Daten dazu eingeblendet bekommen (Ingenieurwesen). Oder… Zugegeben, das ist technisch etwas in die Zukunft gedacht, aber warum nicht vorbereitet sein?

Virtual Reality
Das Thema Virtual Reality ist nicht sooo weit weg von der Augmented Reality und mit dem Google Cardboard mit dem Telefon schon greifbar. Wer etwa mit der App VRSE schon einmal von einem Helikopter aus auf New York geschaut hat, der weiß, was ich meine. Sogar mit dem Smartphone ist das Gefühl schon beeindruckend. Welch Geschichte mag man damit wohl in der Lehre anschaulicher erzählen können als mit einem normalen Vortrag?
Educaching
Zusammen mit den Lokalisierungsfunktionen eines Smartphones gibt es die spannende Möglichkeit, Bildung und Erlebnis zu verknüpfen. Man nennt es Educaching.
Wörterbuch/Translator
Das Smartphone ersetzt das Wörterbuch für Studierende aus anderen Ländern. Denken wir die Technik noch etwas weiter, dann wird vielleicht sogar das Prinzip Babelfisch Realität, und man kann sich mit Smartphones das gesprochene Wort gleich automatisch übersetzen lassen.
Hotspot anbieten
Mit einem Smartphone lässt sich ein WLAN-Hotspot einrichten und so Geräten ein Zugang zum Internet ermöglichen, der sonst womöglich nicht vorhanden ist.
Arbeitsumgebung mitbringen
Mit der freien Software Piratebox lässt sich ein Smartphone dazu nutzen, Gruppen eine lokale digitale Umgebung zum Arbeiten bereitzustellen, quasi ein tragbarer, privater Server mit diversen Funktionen in der Tasche. Schon heute lassen sich damit beispielsweise Dateien austauschen oder streamen und Nachrichten austauschen. Die Software kann aber auch um weitere Fähigkeiten ergänzt werden.
Beschleunigungssensor / Eingabegerät
Smartphones verfügen in aller Regel über Beschleunigungssensoren. Sie können beispielsweise für Experimente in der Physik verwendet werden. Es lassen sich mit den Sensoren aber auch Bewegungen des Smartphones registrieren und zur Steuerung von Dingen benutzen, so wie man es beim Spielen mit der Wii kennt.
Evaluation in der Präsenzzeit
Die Evaluation der Lehre erfolgt oft in einer Präsenzveranstaltung statt hinterher, weil die Rücklaufquote dann höher ausfällt. Mit Smartphones könnten aber wenigstens die Papierbögen ersetzt werden, die oft zum Einsatz kommen und später wieder digitalisiert werden.
Texterkennung
Mit Smartphones ist es möglich, Texte zu scannen und sie mit entsprechender Software gleich bearbeitbar zu machen.
Verschlagwortet mit: ,
211 Kommentar auf “Smartphones in der Hochschullehre? Wozu?
  1. naga poker sagt:

    Mau jual barang lama yang sudah tidak terpakai? di naga poker aja di jamin langsung laku. Tentunya anda memiliki barang layak pakai yang sudah tidak kepakai, dari pada menuhin tempat mending jual aja di naga poker. Apapun barangnya di jamin langsung laku.

    • شقاق، ترک و یا زخمی است که در قسمت ابتدای مقعد اتفاق می افتد که خیلی دردناک است و برخی اوقات با خونریزی اندکی موقع اجابت مزاج همراه می باشد. با استفاده از لیزر بخشی از بافت کناره شقاق و بافت خود زخم را با پرتوافکنی درمان می کند. برای اطلاع از جزئیات و هزینه درمان شقاق به سایت کلینیک لیزر شفا مراجعه کنید.

  2. judi online sagt:

    terima kasih atas artikel yang sudah ditulis sangat berkualitas dan sangat bagus untuk saya baca.

  3. This will be helpful for us. We are going to move an online store which provide you all the items for your home or garden in Auckland Newzealand at lowest price..!

  4. Your article is very good, I have read many articles but I am really impressed with your posts. Thank you, I will review this article. To know about me, try talking to me.

  5. My Utility Kilt is a place that you should go if you like kilts and highland games.

  6. Samuel sagt:

    Hey, if you are tired of living your job life, maybe you must consider knowing how you can create passive income sources for yourself online. Check here if you got time to read.
    Thanks

  7. Excellent post however I was wondering if you could write a little more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Many thanks!

  8. Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon.

  9. I’ve just newly discovered your blog and it just a Wonderful and attractive blog. So thank you for sharing.

  10. Colm Feore sagt:

    Amazing blog and thanks for sharing all this information it. Chinese B2B Marketplace

  11. keyslog sagt:

    AutoCAD 2019 Crack is the latest version of CAD software that is essential in the construction and machine building industries. You can create 2D or 3D drawings for surface technology. It is one of the best known graphics programs from Autodesk Corporation. It is a software application for many objects which is used today in many technical fields. For students like architecture, construction, irrigation or engineering, AutoCAD software is one of the tools to effectively support the technical drawing process training project at keyslog

  12. Lich Technologies LED tube manufacturer feature easier retrofit, higher reliability, and high color rendering index, higher efficacy

  13. This design is incredible! You most certainly know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog Excellent job.

  14. Hello. impressive job. I did not expect this. This is a fantastic story. Thanks! 카지노사이트

  15. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your weblog posts. 파워볼사이트

  16. Smartphone involve in the university’s teaching. Technology is becoming faster than in the old days. Everyone has any smartphone or pocket phones It means that the desktop is replaced by the smartphone.

  17. Lucy jhonson sagt:

    This is a Lovely blog and how nicely you posted. Nice topic and writing. I am also available here to provide information about
    McAfee Antivirus, It is one of the best to keep your devices safe and secure weather PC laptops or smartphones it’s free to use and easy to handle.
    Activate McAfee Activate 25 Digit Code [url=https://e-mcafee.com/activate]McAfee Total Protection[/url]

  18. Tony Keller sagt:

    Jual Beton Instan dari bermacam merek terbaik harga murah dari distributor legal di indonesia. Tersedia Ready mix concrete kemasan ataupun kendaraan beroda empat truck beton … untuk detail silahkan kunjungi https://sheetpilemegacon.edublogs.org/

  19. Jens Halvorsen sagt:

    Di dalam merencanakan suatu cara rangka pemikul peristiwa (SRPM) beton pracetak, penetapan metode sambungan antara balok-balok dengan … selengkapnya https://fiturbeton.blogspot.com/2017/06/jual-pipa-beton-bertulang-rcp-di-bogor_88.html

  20. sofimariyam sagt:

    To look for the PayPal to Cash app exchange, users asked to open PayPal’s authentic site on your gadget. From that point, sign in to their record and snap on the principal menu from the top of the screen. Next, select an exchange Id in the pursuit box by drop-down. In the wake of entering the exchange, subtleties press the enter key to see it.

  21. Howdy, we alluded to all the guidelines here that utilized by the users to activate Cash app card without QR code. You should have to dispatch a Cash app first and a brief timeframe later presses the record balance. A short time later, tap on the Activate button. Starting at now, keep on looking for the assistance button by techniques for a drop-down, and from that point, pick use CVV rather than the accessible different choices.

  22. One of the features of the app is the tab that ensures a smooth flow of operations. Notwithstanding, in the event that you can’t do that, by at that point, considering, you can utilize the assistance from the particular assistance objectives or you can call the help social with occasioning to talk to a Cash App representative and get the essential help required.

  23. Most importantly, users can make any close to home installment to anybody in the US liberated from cost by utilizing a PayPal account. Indeed. Users can likewise make PayPal to Cash app exchange with the assistance of a ledger. Here, users can add a ledger with your PayPal record to make moment exchanges.

  24. If you’re having an internet error that is leading to Cash App not working situation, then you must use the assistance that is available in the help canter in the form of FAQs or you can also use the help that can be availed by calling the tech assistance team.

  25. Hi, follow these tips to alter how can I speak to a Yahoo representative. You have to tap on the contacts image from your Yahoo mail. Eventually, hit on the contact’s name. Next, you are asked to hit on the More alternatives and then on Edit contacts. Before long, you can make changes whatever you want. And next, click on the Save button.

  26. Turnitin is a plagiarism tool that is so easy to use, reliable and convenient to use. Anyone who uses Turnitin Free Download can confirm that its ease of use is second to none. The tool delivers results in just a few minutes after uploading the file, which is supposed to check the similarity index. https://productscrack.com/turnitin-crack-free-download/

  27. Thanks for this information.

  28. alejandraleo sagt:

    You need to hit on the File Cash app objection to sue get my money back from Cash app. This choice appears on the dashboard of the Cash app. When you hit this connection, at that point another tab opens, where you need to portray your inquiries in detail to get an appropriate arrangement.

  29. alejandraleo sagt:

    Yahoo mail is the application that gives you the opportunity to do computerized installments quietly and that is the reason it’s quite possibly the most preferred applications. Be that as it may, in the event that you can’t get to your old record, at that point you may ponder, how can I speak to a Yahoo representative? You can simply type in your question and you’ll get different arrangements that will give you authentic help.

  30. Once you lost your phone number and not set up to get to your record, must unlock Yahoo account. You need to simply go to its official site and tap on the can’t get to your record choice to start the recovery technique. At last, you need to give your record name in like manner as an email address or phone number to get the affirmation code.

  31. All things considered, to offer you decent help bank explores all the subtleties rapidly for a unlock Cash app account and discounts your cash. Here, you may encounter that the bank explores exchange subtleties with the help group of the Cash app, and furthermore contact the dealer to affirm your case.

  32. Thanks so much the information.

  33. It is not wrong to use a smartphone in college lectures. College students need smartphones as a necessity and for their communication. And because of the advanced industry, they may have a discussion using smartphones in university lectures. I have recently written a posting about my smartphone in a university lecture on my website. Please refer to the link if you are curious. 카지노사이트

  34. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    Hello ! I am the one who writes posts on these topics먹튀검증 I would like to write an article based on your article. When can I ask for a review?

  35. Hello ! I am a student writing a report on the subject of your post.Your article is an article with all the content and topics. I’ve ever wanted . Thanks to this, it will be of great help to the report I am preparing now.Thanks for your hard work. And if you have time, please visit my site as well. The site name is 사설토토사이트.

  36. Nice to be visiting your blog once more, it has been months for me. Well this article that ive been waited for therefore long. i want this article to finish my assignment within the faculty, and 안전놀이터 has same topic together with your article. Thanks, nice share.

  37. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    Easily, the article is actually the best topic on this registry related issue. I fit in with your 먹튀검증 and will eagerly look forward to your next updates. Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantastic lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates

  38. 발삼 sagt:

    Simply unadulterated brilliance from you here 발삼

  39. The assignment submission period was over and I was nervous, 메이저놀이터 and I am very happy to see your post just in time and it was a great help. Thank you ! Leave your blog address below. Please visit me anytime.

  40. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    When I read an article on this topic, 먹튀검증 the first thought was profound and difficult, and I wondered if others could understand. My site has a discussion board for articles and photos similar to this topic. Could you please visit me when you have time to discuss this topic?

  41. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the leisure here! Keep up the good work. I have been meaning to write something like this on my website and you have given me an idea. 바카라사이트

  42. Nice information, valuable and excellent design, as share good stuff with good ideas and concepts.

  43. This is one very interesting post. I like the way you write and I will bookmark your blog to my favorites.

  44. The assignment submission period was over and I was nervous, 토토사이트 and I am very happy to see your post just in time and it was a great help. Thank you ! Leave your blog address below. Please visit me anytime.

  45. Took me time to read all the comments, 토토사이트 but I really enjoyed the article. It proved to be Very helpful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here! It’s always nice when you can not only be informed, but also entertained!

  46. I think a lot of articles related to are disappearing someday. That’s why it’s very hard to find, but I’m very fortunate to read your writing. When you come to my site, I have collected articles related to 안전놀이터.

  47. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    First of all, thank you for your post. 먹튀검증 Your posts are neatly organized with the information I want, so there are plenty of resources to reference. I bookmark this site and will find your posts frequently in the future. Thanks again ^^

  48. Thank you for this wonderful post! It has long been extremely helpful. 토토사이트I wish that you will carry on posting your knowledge with us.

  49. Free Skins sagt:

    You make so many great points here that I read your article a couple of times. Your views are on my own for the most part. Have a look at our blog about Fortnite. It has a nice collection of skins and an easy way to access them. It offers Free Skins for Fortnite. Go with my blog and get your Fortnite Skins for Free.

  50. I am a fan who has watched your writing from before. I have learned a lot from you. Please come to my “ “ and help me.토토커뮤니티

  51. I was surfing net and fortunately came across this site and found very interesting stuff here. Its really fun to read. I enjoyed a lot. 토토사이트Thanks for sharing this wonderful information.

  52. Unbelievable!! The problem I was thinking about was solved.카지노사이트You are really awesome.

  53. Amazing article..!! Thank you so much for this informative post. I found some interesting points and lots of information from your blog. Thanks 토토사이트

  54. The assignment submission period was over and I was nervous, 메이저놀이터 and I am very happy to see your post just in time and it was a great help. Thank you ! Leave your blog address below. Please visit me anytime.!

  55. I always think about what is. It seems to be a perfect article that seems to blow away such worries. 안전놀이터 seems to be the best way to show something. When you have time, please write an article about what means!!

  56. As soon as I noticed this internet site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them. 안전놀이터

  57. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. 토토사이트 I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

  58. That’s a great article! The neatly organized content is good to see. Can I quote a blog and write it on my blog? My blog has a variety of communities including these articles. Would you like to visit me later? 우리카지노

  59. Good blog you have got here.. It’s hard to find quality writing like yours these days. Thank you for sharing. Wanna find more about online casino and baccarat click the following link: 토토

  60. bacarasite sagt:

    This is a correct weblog for anyone who wishes to be familiar with this topic. Wanna check out my blog? Just click here: 온라인카지노

  61. Thanks for sharing this Blog with us your blog is very interesting if want more information topic about CASINO and SportsToto? Click here: 파워볼게임

  62. I was looking for another article by chance and found your article 메이저놀이터 I am writing on this topic, so I think it will help a lot. I leave my blog address below. Please visit once.

  63. When I read an article on this topic, 메이저토토사이트 the first thought was profound and difficult, and I wondered if others could understand. My site has a discussion board for articles and photos similar to this topic. Could you please visit me when you have time to discuss this topic?

  64. This is a very impressive subject. Thank you for always. I have been reading your article interestingly. If possible, please visit my website to read my posts and leave comments. Have a nice day! 토토사이트

  65. I conceive this internet site has got some really good information for everyone :D. “Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm.” by Ralph Waldo Emerson. 안전놀이터

  66. oncasinosite sagt:

    I really like your writing so so much! percentage we keep in touch more about your post on AOL? I require a specialist in this house to solve my problem. May be that is you! Having a look ahead to peer you. 카지노사이트

  67. You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but other than that, this is magnificent blog. A fantastic read. I will certainly be back. 먹튀검증

  68. betmantoto sagt:

    I just could not depart your web site before suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information a person provide for your visitors? Is going to be back often to check up on new posts 스포츠토토

  69. totositehot sagt:

    I do think your web site might be having web browser compatibility issues. When I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, fantastic blog! 토토사이트

  70. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch. 토토사이트

  71. We stumbled over here by a different website and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page again. 안전놀이터

  72. Emily Marker sagt:

    Nice Blog!
    Our experts at QuickBooks Phone Number are committed to delivering the best service at an affordable rate in this deadly and evolving pandemic.

  73. As the Internet develops further in the future, I think we need to collect materials that people might be interested in. Among the data to be collected, your 안전놀이터 will also be included.

  74. MarrySmith sagt:

    Nice & Informative Blog !
    QuickBooks is a glorifying accounting software that is used by many businesses for managing their accounting operations. Thus, to fix issues like Bank Deposit Error in QuickBooks, call us and get immediate support for QuickBooks problems.

  75. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    That’s so nice.먹튀검증I want you to see if it’s this good.

  76. When I read an article on this topic, the first thought was profound and difficult, and I wondered if others could understand.. My site has a discussion board for articles and photos similar to this topic. Could you please visit me when you have time to discuss this topic? 토토커뮤니티

  77. This is an informative post and, it is very useful and knowledgeable. therefore, I would like to thank you have made in writing this article. you also check our article about Craap Test If you are an educator so you can check this blog. Must read it.

  78. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    It’s so interesting. I’m doing something like this. Take a look.먹튀검증

  79. I’m really happy to finally find a post with what I want. Thank you very much. 토토사이트 Your post is what I was looking for. If possible, please visit my website and share your opinion. Thank you.

  80. I’m really happy to finally find a post with what I want. Thank you very much. 토토사이트 Your post is what I was looking for. If possible, please visit my website and share your opinion. Thank you. .

  81. I’ve been troubled for several days with this topic. 메이저놀이터, But by chance looking at your post solved my problem! I will leave my blog, so when would you like to visit it?

  82. I came to this site with the introduction of a friend around me and I was very impressed when I found your writing. I’ll come back often after bookmarking! 메이저놀이터

  83. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the leisure here! Keep up the good work. I have been meaning to write something like this on my website and you have given me an idea. 메이저놀이터

  84. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I StumbleUpon every day. It will always be useful to read content from other writers and practice something from their websites. I want to suggest our article about Purity score Generally, to count the Rice Purity Test, a score of 0-100 determines the maturity of youth.

  85. baccaratsite sagt:

    That’s in addition a great publish which I really valued learning. It’s not every day that people maintain the opportunity to discover something. 카지노사이트

  86. Je blogue assez souvent et j’apprécie sérieusement votre contenu. Votre article a vraiment piqué mon intérêt. Je vais prendre note de votre blog et continuer à vérifier de nouvelles informations sur une fois par semaine. Vous pouvez également lire un article sur Telecharger WinRAR 64 bits. Il fonctionne sur toutes les versions modernes de Windows, de Windows XP à Windows 10. Visitez notre blog pour plus d’informations.

  87. On the Cash App users can get a free cash app card. You can use the Cash App card, at retailers in the US that accept Visa and withdraw money from your ATM. Once you order you will receive the card within 5-7 days. After this, you will have to rel=“dofollow“>Activate the Cash App Card to use it.

  88. Cash App Order and activation process is easy just follow these blogs to get all the information.
    cash app card activation

  89. If the transaction failed on your Cash App account, you need to cancel it and request the refunds. Under the Cash App refund policy, customers can get the refund if the payment failed or declined. You need to take the below-mentioned steps to get the refund money from Cash App.

  90. 은꼴 sagt:

    먹튀보스 – 먹튀검증사이트, 토토 먹튀검증 & 토토사이트 먹튀검증 커뮤니티

  91. Thank you. I see good writing.

  92. While looking for articles on these topics, I came across this article on the site here. As I read your article, I felt like an expert in this field. I have several articles on these topics posted on my site. Could you please visit my homepage? 우리카지노

  93. Thank you very much for giving me such excellent information and I wish you all the best.메이저토토사이트

  94. Hi to every body, it’s my first 메이저토토사이트 a quick visit of this webpage; this weblog consists of awesome and really fine stuff for visitors.

  95. Your ideas inspired me very much. It’s amazing. 토토사이트 I want to learn your writing skills. In fact, I also have a website. If you are okay, please visit once and leave your opinion. Thank you.

  96. Of course, your article is good enough, but I thought it would be much better to see professional photos and videos together. There are articles and photos on these topics on my homepage, so please visit and share your opinions. 토토커뮤니티

  97. Really no matter if someone doesn’t be aware of after that its up to other users that they will help, so here it takes place 메이저놀이터.

  98. Your writing is perfect and complete. However, I think it will be more wonderful if your post includes additional topics that I am thinking of. I have a lot of posts on my site similar to your topic. Would you like to visit once? 토토커뮤니티

  99. Sophia sagt:

    Thanks and everything is shared in this blog in an unique way. keep it up. Hilal Certification

  100. ou need to be a part of a contest for one of the highest quality sites on the 토토사이트. I most certainly will recommend this site!

  101. I do agree with all of the ideas you’ve presented in your post.
    온라인카지노

  102. Well I truly enjoyed reading it. This subject offered by you is very helpful and accurate.
    온라인카지노

  103. Thanks for sharing this marvelous post. I m very pleased to read this article.
    스포츠토토

  104. Nice one! Thank you for sharing this post. Your blog posts are more interesting and impressive.
    온라인카지노

  105. Hello, I am one of the most impressed people in your article. 토토커뮤니티 I’m very curious about how you write such a good article. Are you an expert on this subject? I think so. Thank you again for allowing me to read these posts, and have a nice day today. Thank you.

  106. Thank you for posting that it could be just the thing to give inspiration to someone who needs it! Keep up the great work!

  107. I’m thinking some of my readers might find a bit of this interesting. Do you mind if I post a clip from this and link back? Thanks 토토사이트

  108. Wow, this paragraph is good, my 토토사이트 is analyzing these things, so I am going to inform her.

  109. My curiosity was solved by looking at your writing. Your writing was helpful to me.카지노사이트I want to help you too.

  110. This is the perfect post.토토커뮤니티 It helped me a lot. If you have time, I hope you come to my site and share your opinions. Have a nice day.

  111. I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked your site to check out the new stuff you post 온라인카지노

  112. 파라오카지노It’s pretty worth enough for me. Thanks for sharing.

  113. I have a lot of spray lining knowledge but always learn something new. Keep up the good work and thank you again.카지노사이트

  114. You are incredible! Thank you! .카지노사이트 I’ll be coming back to your site for more soon.

  115. Hello, I’m happy to see some great articles on your site. Would you like to come to my site later? My site also has posts, comments and communities similar to yours. Please visit and take a look 메이저토토사이트

  116. What a post I’ve been looking for! I’m very happy to finally read this post. 토토커뮤니티 Thank you very much. Can I refer to your post on my website? Your post touched me a lot and helped me a lot. If you have any questions, please visit my site and read what kind of posts I am posting. I am sure it will be interesting.

  117. First of all, thank you for your post. Your posts are neatly organized with the information I want, so there are plenty of resources to reference. I bookmark this site and will find your posts frequently in the future. Thanks again ^^ 토토커뮤니티

  118. cinema hd v2 sagt:

    Mit dem Smartphone können Schüler unbekannte Begriffe oder Daten nachschlagen, die der Lehrer erwähnt, ohne einen Schlag auszulassen, vorausgesetzt, der Lehrer ermöglicht es den Schülern, Vorlesungen mit Telefonanfragen zu ergänzen. 4. Fotos, Videos oder Audiodaten mit verwirrenden Konzepten aufnehmen. Lehrer bewegen sich manchmal schnell, besonders in der High School.

  119. Easily, the article is actually the best topic on this registry related issue.코인카지노 I fit in with your conclusions and will eagerly look forward to your next updates.

  120. I’m writing on this topic these days, , but I have stopped writing because there is no reference material. Then I accidentally found your article. I can refer to a variety of materials, so I think the work I was preparing will work! Thank you for your efforts. 토토커뮤니티
    🙂

  121. Thanks for writing this awesome 토토사이트. I’m a long time reader but I’ve never been compelled to leave a comment. I subscribed to your blog and shared this on my Facebook. Thanks again for a great article!

  122. From some point on, I am preparing to build my site while browsing various sites. It is now somewhat completed. If you are interested, please come to play with 바카라사이트추천!!

  123. Thank you for helping people get the information they need. Great stuff as usual. Keep up the great work!
    온라인카지노

  124. Thanks for sharing excellent information’s. 온라인카지노 Your web-site is very cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles.

  125. I felt very happy while reading this site. This was really very informative site for me. 스포츠토토 I really liked it. This was really a cordial post. Thanks a lot!.

  126. Thanks for a very interesting blog. What else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach? 온라인카지노 I’ve a undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such info.

  127. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article! It’s the little changes which will make the largest changes. Thanks for sharing 토토사이트

  128. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently. I’m quite sure I’ll learn plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next. 토토사이트추천

  129. I am very happy to revisit your blog. Thanks to your posting, I am getting useful information today. Thank you for writing a good article.

  130. Recently, I have started to read a lot of unique articles on different sites, and I am enjoying that a lot. Although, I must tell you that I still like the articles here a lot. They are also unique in their own way 토토

  131. racesiteinfo sagt:

    I am a fan who has watched your writing from before. I have learned a lot from you. Please come to my site and help me. 경마사이트

  132. Wonderful post! We will be linking to this great article on our site. I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often! 바카라사이트

  133. totopickpro sagt:

    Well I definitely liked reading it. This information offered by you is very constructive for proper planning 토토사이트

  134. I’m so happy to finally find a post with what I want. 토토커뮤니티 You have inspired me a lot. If you are satisfied, please visit my website and leave your feedback.

  135. Hi there, I simply hopped over in your website by way of StumbleUpon. Now not one thing I’d typically learn, but I favored your emotions none the less. Thank you for making something worth reading. 사설토토사이트

  136. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    Looking at this article, I miss the time when I didn’t wear a mask. 먹튀검증업체 Hopefully this corona will end soon. My blog is a blog that mainly posts pictures of daily life before Corona and landscapes at that time. If you want to remember that time again, please visit us.

  137. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    When I read an article on this topic, 먹튀검증추천 the first thought was profound and difficult, and I wondered if others could understand.. My site has a discussion board for articles and photos similar to this topic. Could you please visit me when you have time to discuss this topic?

  138. Thanks for exposuring this type of article news that may worth it to read.
    스포츠토토

  139. Thanks to this type of article it will enlighted my mind how to take care our environment and how to make more eco friendly.
    온라인카지노

  140. I’ve been using WordPress on a number of websites for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform. I have heard good things about 메이저놀이터추천. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  141. Hello, I’m happy to see some great articles on your site. Would you like to come to my site later? My site also has posts, comments and communities similar to yours. Please visit and take a look 우리카지노

  142. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    As I am looking at your writing, 먹튀검증사이트 I regret being unable to do outdoor activities due to Corona 19, and I miss my old daily life. If you also miss the daily life of those days, would you please visit my site once? My site is a site where I post about photos and daily life when I was free.

  143. As soon as I noticed this internet site I went on reddit to share some of the love with them. 메이저안전놀이터

  144. Thanks for the information

  145. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    I’ve been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. 먹튀검증사이트, I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site?

  146. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    I can’t believe the weekend is coming already.먹튀검증What are you guys going to do on the weekend? I’m going to sleep. Have a nice weekend.

  147. it was a wonderful chance to visit this kind of site and I am happy to know. thank you so much for giving us a chance to have this opportunity. 카지노사이트

  148. It’s really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know 토토커뮤니티 ? If you have more questions, please come to my site and check it out!

  149. I’ve been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. , I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site? 먹튀검증커뮤니티

  150. I finally found what I was looking for! I’m so happy. 사설토토사이트 Your article is what I’ve been looking for for a long time. I’m happy to find you like this. Could you visit my website if you have time? I’m sure you’ll find a post of interest that you’ll find interesting.

  151. I have been visiting every day since a few days ago. Please continue to upload more diverse materials in the future!! Thank you for making me feel the little happiness of everyday life. 먹튀검증추천 Sincerely

  152. Hi ! I specialize in writing on these topics. My blog also has these types of articles and forums. Please visit once. 메이저놀이터

  153. First of all, thank you for your post. Your posts are neatly organized with the information I want, so there are plenty of resources to reference. I bookmark this site and will find your posts frequently in the future. Thanks again ^^ 먹튀커뮤니티

  154. GOSTOPSITE33 sagt:

    If you are going for best contents like I do, simply go to see this website all the time as it provides feature contents, thanks 고스톱

  155. Great writing to see, glad that google brought me here, Keep Up cool job 토토사이트

  156. GUIDE1903 sagt:

    I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else experiencing problems with your blog.
    It looks like some of the text within your posts are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well? 한국야동
    This may be a issue with my browser because I’ve had
    this happen previously. Cheers

  157. TOTOSAFEDB33 sagt:

    It is perfect time to make some plans for
    the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if
    I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice.
    Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read even more things about it!
    I am really thankful to you for sharing such useful info.
    Hope you are sharing the same in future.
    thanks
    토토사이트

  158. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website. 텍사스홀덤

  159. You absolutely come with really good articles and reviews. Regards for sharing with us your blog. 슬롯머신사이트

  160. bamgosoo34 sagt:

    Yeah bookmaking this wasn’t a bad determination outstanding post!

    My web site; 휴게텔

  161. bamgosoocom sagt:

    Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that
    I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your
    feed and I hope you write again very soon! 오피

  162. We all need to see this kind of information, and we really hope that this article will spread widely.메이저안전놀이터 May the good things always be full.

  163. Visit Us sagt:

    thanks for sharing this post. Visit Here

  164. I just wanted to say that I was new to the blog and really enjoyed this website. More likely to bookmark your blog.토토사이트추천You certainly have a remarkable article. This is a guide for sharing websites.

  165. this type of article will be able to think and analyzed to the readers thats leads them in a bright future.
    파워볼사이트

  166. 온라인카지노
    we must be more passionate about everything especially when it comes in our nature and environment check this out also >>

  167. Your post is very interesting to me. Reading was so much fun. I think the reason reading is fun is because it is a post related to that I am interested in. Articles related to 메이저놀이터순위 you are the best. I would like you to write a similar post about !

  168. 먹튀검증 sagt:

    Simply unadulterated brilliance from you here. I have never expected something not as much as this from you and 먹튀검증 have not confounded me by any reach out of the inventive vitality. I acknowledge you will keep the quality work going on.

  169. Now i know how to make it and what are the proper way to handle it.
    배트맨토토

  170. What a nice article i found , i was looking it for a long time , i been searching it for so long now that i found out really help me.
    카지노사이트

  171. I’ve been using WordPress on a number of websites for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform. I have heard good things about 토토커뮤니티. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

  172. is really awesome and also is shared your awesome blog with my small brother keep it up your hard work dear adobe illsutrator crack.

  173. Valuable information 먹튀검증업체.. Fortunate me I found your website by chance, and I am surprised why this twist of fate did not took place earlier! I bookmarked it.

  174. The sea of information is so wide.메이저놀이터추천 I’m glad I’m here.

  175. 토토사이트 sagt:

    Your intelligence every day surprises me! I think it’s a perfect analysis. I want to share more information with you, please come to my blog (토토사이트추천 ) and send me a message!

  176. I’ve been searching for hours on this topic and finally found your post. 메이저안전놀이터, I have read your post and I am very impressed. We prefer your opinion and will visit this site frequently to refer to your opinion. When would you like to visit my site?

Schreiben Sie einen Kommentar

Ihre E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.

Ihr Kommentar erscheint gegebenenfalls erst nach Freigabe durch den/die InhaberIn dieses Portfolios.

*